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Environment

 
Environment
  1. Malaysia is a party to the following Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs):
 
  1. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES);
  2. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ;
  3. Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ;
  4. Convention on Biological Diversity ;
  5. Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety ;
  6. Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar Convention);
  7. Protocol to amend the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat;
  8. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal ;
  9. Ban amendment to the Basel Convention;
  10. The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer ;
  11. Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1987) ;
  12. London Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1990);
  13. Copenhagen Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1992);
  14. Montreal Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1997);
  15. Beijing Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (1999);
  16. Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedures for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade ; and
  17. ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution .
  • Apart from the above, Malaysia has signed but has yet to ratify the following MEAs:
1. Stockholm Convention on Certain Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs Convention) ; and
2. ASEAN Agreement on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources .
 
 
  • In relation to this, Unit 6 is required to provide legal opinions on any legal matter concerning the abovementioned MEAs in order to ensure that Malaysia’s interest is preserved. In this regard, the officers this Unit are often requested to attend meetings locally and abroad regarding these MEAs to provide their legal advice and opinion. Some of the important international meetings which have to be attended by the officers of this Unit are the Conference of Parties, Meeting of the Conference of the Parties and Working Groups under the relevant MEAs.
  • Unit 6 is also required to provide legal advice on matters relating to the environment which involves, among others, the following domestic legislations:
  1. National Forestry Act 1984 ;
  2. National Parks Act 1980 ;
  3. Land Conservation Act 1960 ;
  4. Environmental Quality Act 1974 ;
  5. Fisheries Act 1985 ;
  6. National Land Code1965 ; and
  7. Protection of Wildlife Act 1972 .
 
  • From time to time this Unit is also required to provide legal advice to ministries concerning the drafting of legislation relevant to the respective ministries. For example, the drafting of the Biosafety Bill and the Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing Bill by the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment (from 27 March 2004, both Bills are under the purview of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment).