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Human Rights

Human Rights

Malaysia by virtue of being a member of the United Nations has subscribed to the philosophy, concepts and norms provided by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which sets out the minimum and common standard of human rights for all peoples and all nations. Apart from the UDHR, subject to the provisions of the Malaysian Constitution and the applicable laws and policies, Malaysia also adheres to the principles laid down in varius international human rights instruments, which include:

  • International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR);
  • International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR);
  • International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD);
  • Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT);
  • Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC);
  • Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).
Malaysia is a party to the following human rights instruments:
  1. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
    Malaysia acceded to the CRC on 17 February 1995.
  2. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
    Malaysia acceded to the convention on 4 August 1995.
  3. Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices similar to Slavery
    The Supplementary Convention provides for the abolishment of slavery practices. Malaysia ratified the Supplementary Convention on the 18 November 1957.
  4. Convention on the Nationality of Married Women
    The Convention provides for the preservation of nationality of the wife. Malaysia ratified the convention on 24 February 1959.
  5. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
    Malaysia ratified the Convention on 20 October 1994.
  6. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
    Malaysia signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities on 8 April 2008.